Your rabbits diet should mainly consist of fresh hay as this food is similar to what a rabbit eats in the wild. Hay is important for rabbits because it provides the essential fibre needed for good digestive health and it helps wear down a rabbit’s teeth (which continuously grow) for good dental health.
You can also include other foods in your rabbits diet such as:
- Vegetables- A varied assortment of vegetables should be a part of your rabbit’s daily diet. 5-6 portions of greens or veggies a day should be plenty.
- Water- Fresh water must always be available to your rabbit. If you have a cage, a hanging water bottle is a fine option. Rabbits will also drink from a water bowl. On a hot day you can drop an ice cube or two in your rabbits water dish. If your rabbit does not seem to be drinking enough water you can leave the vegetables fairly wet when you present them.
- Pellets- Look for pellets that are high in fiber and low in protein. Do not feed your rabbit muesli type mix as they will selectively eat high carb maize and grain leaving the fibrous pellets behind. Long-term this causes dental problems, recurrent gut problems and obesity. The average rabbit should not eat more than 1-2 egg cups daily.
- Treats- Everybody loves a treat now and then, but to ensure your rabbits health they should be given only occasionally. The best treats are their favourite vegetables, herbs and willow twigs. Small piece of apple or carrot can also be given. No more than 1-2 tablespoons of fruit a day should be given as they are high in sugar and can lead to weight issues.